Best Cases from the AFIP Fatal 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) Infection, Complicated by Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome and Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema
2010; 30 (2): 327-333
Features of hemolysis due to Clostridium perfringens infection
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LABORATORY HEMATOLOGY
2009; 31 (3): 364-367
Using a statistical natural language Parser augmented with the UMLS specialist lexicon to assign SNOMED CT codes to anatomic sites and pathologic diagnoses in full text pathology reports.
AMIA ... Annual Symposium proceedings / AMIA Symposium. AMIA Symposium
2009; 2009: 386-390
Infection by Clostridium perfringens can be an unsuspected cause of hemolysis in emergency room patients. Historically, this condition has been associated with wound contamination and other tissue infections. We report the case of an autistic patient who presented to our emergency department with a distended abdomen and hemolysis of unknown etiology. The patient had no history of recent surgery. Exploration of the abdomen revealed a hepatic abscess. Blood cultures tested culture positive for C. perfringens. We present images demonstrating the salient features of the peripheral blood smear in cases of this uncommon but deadly cause of hemolysis.
View details for DOI 10.1111/j.1751-553X.2007.01018.x
View details for Web of Science ID 000265407400013
View details for PubMedID 18177433
A pilot study of faculty development for basic science teachers
1998; 73 (6): 701-704
To address the problem of extracting structured information from pathology reports for research purposes in the STRIDE Clinical Data Warehouse, we adapted the ChartIndex Medical Language Processing system to automatically identify and map anatomic and diagnostic noun phrases found in full-text pathology reports to SNOMED CT concept descriptors. An evaluation of the system's performance showed a positive predictive value for anatomic concepts of 92.3% and positive predictive value for diagnostic concepts of 84.4%. The experiment also suggested strategies for improving ChartIndex's performance coding pathology reports.
View details for PubMedID 20351885
Targeted disruption of the mouse beta 1-adrenergic receptor gene: Developmental and cardiovascular effects
PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
1996; 93 (14): 7375-7380
Relatively little research has focused on faculty development methods that assist basic science teachers to improve their instructional skills. This study was designed to assess the effectiveness for basic science faculty of a faculty development seminar series that had been previously shown useful for clinical teachers.The Stanford Faculty Development Program's seminars on clinical teaching were adapted for basic science instruction. Eight pathology faculty participated in a series of nine small-group seminars designed to provide teachers with knowledge of a framework for analyzing teaching and identifying areas for improvement, and skill-based training in specific teaching behaviors. Each seminar included (1) brief lectures, (2) review of videotaped reenactments of teaching interactions, (3) role-play exercises with videotape review, and (4) formulation of personal and departmental teaching goals.Program evaluation included multiple measures: participant self-assessment, student ratings of the participants, and blinded ratings of pre- and post-seminar videotapes of participants' classroom teaching. All measures indicated a positive effect of the intervention.Faculty development programs have significant potential to enhance basic science instructors' teaching effectiveness.
View details for Web of Science ID 000074383900028
View details for PubMedID 9653410
EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS-ASSOCIATED NATURAL-KILLER LARGE GRANULAR LYMPHOCYTE LEUKEMIA
1994; 25 (9): 953-960
At least three distinct beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) subtypes exist in mammals. These receptors modulate a wide variety of processes, from development and behavior, to cardiac function, metabolism, and smooth muscle tone. To understand the roles that individual beta-AR subtypes play in these processes, we have used the technique of gene targeting to create homozygous beta 1-AR null mutants (beta 1-AR -/-) in mice. The majority of beta 1-AR -/- mice die prenatally, and the penetrance of lethality shows strain dependence. Beta l-AR -/- mice that do survive to adulthood appear normal, but lack the chronotropic and inotropic responses seen in wild-type mice when beta-AR agonists such as isoproterenol are administered. Moreover, this lack of responsiveness is accompanied by markedly reduced stimulation of adenylate cyclase in cardiac membranes from beta 1-AR -/- mice. These findings occur despite persistent cardiac beta 2-AR expression, demonstrating the importance of beta 1-ARs for proper mouse development and cardiac function, while highlighting functional differences between beta-AR subtypes.
View details for Web of Science ID A1996UW79200098
View details for PubMedID 8693001
Autopsy findings after coronary rotational atherectomy.
The American journal of cardiovascular pathology
1990; 3 (4): 301-304
We describe the first case of an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated natural killer-large granular lymphocyte (NK-LGL) leukemia in the United States to the best of our knowledge. A 29-year-old woman of Japanese descent developed EBV infection after a blood transfusion as indicated by a rise in serum antibody titers. Peripheral blood and bone marrow aspirate smears demonstrated increased LGLs. Flow cytometry showed that these cells expressed NK-associated surface antigens. Cytogenetic analysis of the bone marrow aspirate showed two distinct but related clones with multiple copies of a modified 7 marker chromosome. Death followed colonic perforation. Findings at necropsy included bone marrow lymphocytosis and erythrophagocytosis, a mononucleosis-like lymphadenitis, atypical hepatitis with a mixed, predominantly T-cell infiltrate, interstitial pneumonitis, and multiorgan system vasculitis with perforation of the transverse colon. Epstein-Barr virus transcripts were identified in lymphocytes infiltrating liver and peripheral nerve by in situ hybridization. In addition, Southern blot analyses showed monoclonal bands superimposed on oligoclonal ladders of EBV termini in liver and lymph node. The identical episomal form of EBV was found in the bone marrow, lymph node, and liver. No immunoglobulin (Ig), T-cell receptor beta, or T-cell receptor gamma chain gene rearrangements were identified. These studies support the hypothesis that the LGL population was a neoplastic EBV-related clonal proliferation of NK cells.
View details for Web of Science ID A1994PG35800018
View details for PubMedID 8088773
NODULAR AND DIFFUSE TYPES OF LYMPHOCYTE PREDOMINANCE HODGKINS-DISEASE
NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE
1988; 318 (4): 214-219
We describe the findings at autopsy in a patient who underwent Rotablator atherectomy of the right coronary artery. During the procedure, the artery became occluded. Despite attempts to reopen the vessel with balloon angioplasty and emergency coronary artery bypass grafting, the patient developed irreversible cardiac failure and expired 2 days after the Rotablator procedure. At autopsy, the right coronary artery was found to be occluded by thrombus. No evidence of dissection or perforation of the vessel wall was seen. Small intramyocardial arteries and arterioles, downstream from the treated vessel, were embolized by pulverized atheroma.
View details for PubMedID 2129571
The nodular form of lymphocyte predominance Hodgkin's disease has been shown to be immunophenotypically distinct from the histologically diffuse form and from other types of Hodgkin's disease. We undertook a clinicopathological study of 73 cases to determine whether any clinical differences between the nodular and diffuse subtypes could be discerned. Patients with the diffuse form (n = 41) tended to have a course similar to that of other types of Hodgkin's disease; there were few relapses and only two deaths due to Hodgkin's disease. In contrast, patients with the nodular form (n = 32) had significantly more relapses, which were independent of stage or treatment and equally distributed up to 10 years after initial therapy. Despite the frequent relapses, patients with the nodular form had an indolent course, and there was only one death due to Hodgkin's disease. There were seven fatal second cancers and two non-neoplastic treatment-related deaths, equally distributed between the nodular and diffuse groups. We conclude that nodular lymphocyte predominance Hodgkin's disease may have important clinical as well as immunophenotypic differences from other forms of Hodgkin's disease, and that patients with this condition should be followed carefully because of the possibility of late relapse.
View details for Web of Science ID A1988L784400004
View details for PubMedID 3336412